These photos are from our trip to Golconda fort in Hyderabad in December 2009. Golconda fort.

Some history about the fort (Source: Wikipedia)

Golconda is located 11 km west of  HyderabadAndhra PradeshIndia. Golconda is Telugu (native language of Andhra Pradesh) for Shepherd’s Hill. It is believed that a shepherd boy came across an idol on the hill. A small religious site was built and then this led to the construction of a mud fort by the Kakatiya dynasty ruler of that time in mid 12th century.


Golconda Fort and the famous diamonds:

The Golconda fort used to have a vault which stored the famous Kohinoor and Hope diamonds along with other diamonds.[5]

Golconda was once famous for the diamonds found at Kollur Mine near Kollur (modern day Guntur district), Paritala (modern day Krishna district) and cut in the city during the Kakatiya reign. At that timeIndia was the only place in the world known to have  diamond mines.

Famous diamonds were taken from the mines surrounding Golconda, including Darya-e Nur, meaning sea of light, at 185 carats (37 g), the largest and finest diamond of the crown jewels of Iran.

Many famed diamonds are believed to have been excavated from the mines of Golkonda, such as:



The whole of the Golkonda Fort complex and its surrounding spreads across 11 km of total area.

Golkonda consists of four distinct forts with a 10 km long outer wall with 87 semicircular bastions (some still mounted withcannons), eight gateways, and four drawbridges, with a number of royal apartments & halls, templesmosques, magazines, stables, etc. inside. The lowest of these is the outermost enclosure into which we enter by the “Fateh Darwaza” (Victory gate, so called after Aurangzeb’s triumphant army marched in through this gate) studded with giant iron spikes (to prevent elephants from battering them down) near the south-eastern corner. At Fateh Darwaza can be experienced a fantastic acoustic effect, characteristic of the engineering marvels at Golkonda.

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